In accounting and finance, earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), is a measure of a firm's profit that includes all expenses except interest and income tax expenses. It is the difference between operating revenues and operating expenses. When a firm does not have non-operating income, then operating income is sometimes used as a synonym for EBIT and operating profit.
- EBIT = revenue – operating expenses (OPEX)
Operating income = revenue – operating expenses
A professional investor contemplating a change to the capital structure of a firm (e.g., through a leveraged buyout) first evaluates a firm's fundamental earnings potential (reflected by earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and EBIT), and then determines the optimal use of debt vs. equity.
To calculate EBIT, expenses (e.g. the cost of goods sold, selling and administrative expenses) are subtracted from revenues. Net income is later obtained by subtracting interest and taxes from the result.
Example statement of income (figures in thousands)
| Sales revenue
| Cost of goods sold
| Selling, general and administrative expenses
| Depreciation and amortization
| Other expenses
| Total operating expenses
| Non-operating income
|Earnings before Interest and taxes (EBIT)
| Financial income
|Income before interest expense (IBIE)
| Financial expense
|Earnings before income taxes (EBT)
| Income taxes
- Earnings before interest, taxes, and amortization (EBITA)
- Earnings before interest, taxes, and depreciation (EBITD)
- Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, and restructuring or rent costs (EBITDAR)
- Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA)
- Earnings before taxes
- Operating income before depreciation and amortization (OIBDA)
- ^ a b Bodie, Z., Kane, A. and Marcus, A. J. Essentials of Investments, McGraw Hill Irwin, 2004, p. 452. ISBN 0-07-251077-3
- ^ http://www.investorwords.com/3460/operating_income.html Operating income definition
- ^ http://www.investorwords.com/1631/EBIT.html EBIT definition
- ^ Bodie, Z., Kane, A. and Marcus, A. J. Essentials of Investments, McGraw Hill Irwin, 2004, p. 452.